Ghost of Christmas Past
The first of the three spirits, after the coming of Jacob Marley, was the Ghost of Christmas Past.
It was a strange childlike phantom with a brightly glowing head, glowing head in this case represents memory. It is in an indeterminate age, yet not so like a child as like an old man, viewed through some supernatural medium, which gave him the appearance of having receded from the view, and being diminished to a child’s proportions. Its hair, which hung about its neck and down its back, was white as if with age; and yet the face had not a wrinkle in it, and the tenderest bloom was on the skin. The arms were very long and muscular; the hands the same, as if its hold were of uncommon strength. Its legs and feet, most delicately formed, were, like those upper members, bare. It wore a tunic of the purest white; and round its waist was bound a lustrous belt, the sheen of which was beautiful. It held a branch of fresh green holly in its hand; and, in singular contradiction of that wintry emblem, had its dress trimmed with summer flowers.
It is explained in page 29, paragraph 1.
Role to change Scrooge:
It showed him the scenes from his past that occurred around Christmas. This spirit contributes to Scrooge’s change such as when he was a young man, his fiance Belle chose to end their relationship as his increasing obsession with his money caused him to ignoring her. Scrooge never asked Belle to break off their engagement, but he did not protest against her decision. Finally, the Ghost showed him how she married and found true happiness with another man. It makes him regretting his fault that obsessed in money too much and also being a greedy man.
Ghost of Christmas Present
The second of the three spirits, after the coming of Jacob Marley, was the Ghost of Christmas Present.
It was described as “a jolly giant” with dark brown curls. He wears a fur-lined green robe and on his head a holly wreath set with shining icicles. He carries a large torch and appears accompanied by a great feast. He states that he has had “more than eighteen hundred” brothers and later reveals the ability to change his size to fit into any space. He also bares a scabbard with no sword in it, a representation of peace on Earth and good will toward men.
Role to change Scrooge:
This second spirit contributes to Scrooge’s change that he finally cares, gives charity and empathy to the poor and starving children or people. Scrooge finally becomes a generous man, no longer a stingy person.
(Hanifa Rahmawati. Sastra Inggris 2010. Universitas Brawijaya)